Dr. Daniele Cheloni
Space Geodesy Applied to the Study of Active Tectonics and Earthquakes
My research is to use Earth Observation satellite data (GNSS and InSAR) to understand the deformation of the Earth’ crust, and integrating these measurements with seismology and field studies of active faulting. I have extensive experience of working in actively deforming areas (e.g. Apennines and Alps in Italy; East and North Anatolian Fault in Turkey; Greece; Japan) and have investigated Earth deformation ranging in scale from individual earthquakes (e.g. 2009 L’Aquila; 2012 Emilia; 2016-2017 Central Italy; Lefkada 2017; 2020 Elazig; 2020 Samos) through to the accumulation and release of strain in the whole seismic cycle (e.g. interseismic and post-seismic deformation; aseismic phenomena) and to the integration of geodetic data in seismic hazard practices (e.g. relation between strain rates and seismicity rates). My main research interests therefore concern lithosphere deformation mainly associated with seismic cycle, and a large part of my work consists in elastic modeling.
2018-present Full-time Researcher at Italian National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV, Rome). Scientific area: geodetic monitoring.
2012-2018 Researcher (fixed term position) – My role covers different aspects of crustal deformation analysis at INGV, Rome.
2009-2012 Post-doctoral student – Estimation of relevant parameters for the characterization of coseismic, postseismic and interseismic deformation at regional
and local sites from terrestrial and space geodetic data, inside the project PROSIS (Executive Project CESIS “Analysis and interpretation of the crustal deformation of the Italian region from the analysis of GPS velocity fields”), INGV, Rome.
2005-2008 Fellowship student – Estimation of the crustal deformation through analysis of terrestrial and space geodetic data, inside the project PROSIS (Executive Project CESIS “Realization of Seismological and Seismic Engineering Center”), INGV, Rome.
Research Project Collaboration
NASA4SHA (Fault segmentation and seismotectonics of active thrust systems: the Northern Apennines and Southern Alps laboratories for new Seismic Hazard Assessment on northern Italy) – 2022-present.
MYBURP (Modulation of hYdrology on stress Buildup on the IRPinia Fault) – 2021-present.
SOIR (Sale Operative Integrate e Reti di monitoraggio del futuro) – 2018-2020.
RETRACE-3D (centRal italy EarThquakes integRAted Crustal modEl) – 2017-2019.
OTRIONS (Multi Parametric Network for the Study and monitoring of Natural Hazards on the Otranto Chanel and the Ionian Sea) – 2012-2014.
PhD in Geophysics, University of Bologna (Italy), Alma Mater Studiorum (thesis on the characterization of coseismic and interseismic deformation from triangulation data with specific applications to the 1976 Friuli earthquake sequence and to the Messina Straits).
Master Degree in Earth Sciences, University of Roma Tre (Italy) (thesis on the study of active deformation from geodetic data in the Southern Alps, Italy).
My five most recent selected publications
- Akinci A., Cheloni D., Dindar A.A., 2021. The 30 October 2020, M7.0 Samos Island (Eastern Aegean Sea) Earthquake: effect on source rupture, path and local-site conditions on the observed and simulated strong ground motions. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering.
- Cheloni D., Akinci A., 2020. Source modelling and strong ground motion simulations for the January 24, 2020, Mw 6.8 Elazig earthquake. Geophysical Journal International.
- Cheloni D., et al., 2019. Heterogeneous Behaviour of the Campotosto Normal Fault (Central Italy) Imaged by InSAR, GPS and Strong-Motion Data: Insights from the 18 January 2017 Events. Remote Sensing.
- Cheloni D., Falcucci E., Gori S., 2019. Half-graben rupture geometry of the 30 October 2016 Mw 6.6 Mt. Vettore-Mt. Bove earthquake, central Italy. Journal of Geophysical Research – Solid Earth.
- Cheloni D., et al., 2017. Aseismic transient during the 2010-2014 seismic swarm: evidence for longer recurrence of M>6.5 earthquakes in the Pollino gap?. Scientific Reports.
Dr. Alessandro Bonforte
25 years of InSAR data for investigating the magmatic and volcano-tectonic dynamics of Mt. Etna
Senior researcher at INGV - Osservatorio Etneo in Catania. Responsible of the Task "Terrestrial and spatial geodesy (periodic networks)", of the Ground deformation and Geodesy Unit; since 2003, coordination of all geodetic surveys on Etna (2-4 per year), Aeolian islands (1 per year), Pantelleria island, Hyblean plateau, Peloritani Mts and Messina straits (every 2-4 years); study of ground deformation measured by GPS, EDM, leveling and InSAR; relationships with other groups and researchers for comparison and integration of different types of datasets for monitoring and multidisciplinary research purposes. Duty service in the control room and as Deformation expert on duty.
Scientific responsible for the Periodic Ground Deformation and Geodesy Unit for the web site. He is involved mainly in GNSS data acquisition, analysis, modeling and interpretation; integration with other terrestrial and spatial geodetic data (Leveling, Total Station, SAR, GB-RAR); integration of geodetic data with multidisciplinary geophysical and geo-volcanological information (seismicity, microgravity, geochemistry, geo-structural surveys).
Personal and institutional involvement in several divulgation and didactic activities, through tutoring of PhD, volunteers and students, seminars, institutional website, personal and institutional social media. Involvement in several national and international research projects, mainly aimed at studying geodynamics and ground deformation from terrestrial and satellite (GPS and InSAR) approaches, modelling and hazard evaluation. Involvement in all volcanic and seismic crises in Italy, like on Etna in 2001, 2002-2003 and 2018, Stromboli and Pantelleria in 2002-2003, Central Italy in 2017, Vulcano in 2021-2022. Member of the V-EMER (Volcano-EMERgency) group for the managing and operational activities of the volcanic emergencies also outside Italy, like on San Miguel volcano in El Salvador in 2014. Member of the Sismiko team for mobile networks installation and monitoring of seismic crises.
Since 2022, responsible of the cooperation agreement with STMicroelectronics, for testing and developing MEMS technology for volcanological and seismic applications. Since 2022, responsible for the Memorandum of Understanding with GFZ-Berlin for fault creep monitoring on Etna.
In 2020 and 2021, Cooperation with GEOMAR and University of Kiel, with participation to the scientific cruises off-shore Etna on the research vessels Alkor and Meteor, cruises AL532 and M178, for the characterization of the faults on the submerged portion of the volcano by bathymetry, geodetic measurements and geological sampling. Since 2020, member of the INGVVulcani communication group of INGV, as responsible for the Twitter and Instagram accounts of the Vulcani department of INGV.
Since 2017, Co-chair of the IAG/IAVCEI Volcano Geodesy joint Commission and national Reference Scientist for the "Vulcani - Servizi e Ricerca per la Società" Line of Activity of INGV. Since 2015, research on VLF, ULF, ELF radio emissions in cooperation with and in the frame of "Open Lab" group (www.vlf.it); participation to the management of the "Etna Radio Observatory" (ERO) station with worldwide dissemination of data (http://www.vlf.it/etna/etna_live.html).
Since 2014, Scientific responsible of the ground deformation mobile network
(O.S. n. 0002375/2014). Since 2010, Responsible for the Database of geodetic Survey (O.S. n. 0002409, 16/12/2010).
Chairman of several sessions at international conference, reviewer for many international high-impact journals. Guest Editor of special issues on international journals. Life Achievement Award from Telethon, on 12 December 2014. Top 25 List of most downloaded Article in 2013 J Volcanol Geoterm Res, Elsevier).
Top Downloaded Paper in 2018-2019 (Terra Nova, Wiley).
Outstanding Contribution in Reviewing in 2017 for Rem Sens Environ, Elsevier.
Outstanding Contribution in Reviewing in 2017 for J Volcanol Geoterm Res, Elsevier.